The influence of age and gender information on the diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy: based on neural networks


noun_regulation_2830018.svg This paper proposes the importance of age and gender information in the diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy. We utilized Deep Residual Neural Networks (ResNet) and Densely Connected Convolutional Networks (DenseNet), which are proven effective on image classification problems and the diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy using the retinal fundus images. We used the ensemble of several classical networks and decentralized the training so that the network was simple and avoided overfitting. To observe whether the age and gender information could help enhance the performance, we added the information before the dense layer and compared the results with the results that did not add age and gender information. We found that the test accuracy of the network with age and gender information was 2.67% higher than that of the network without age and gender information. Meanwhile, compared with gender information, age information had a better help for the results.Clinical Relevance— The additional information in the dataset (such as age, gender, time of illness, etc.) can improve the accuracy of automatic diagnosis. Therefore, we strongly recommend that researchers add these different kinds of additional information when creating the dataset.

2021 43rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)
Deep Learning